Controller Middleware

Middleware may be assigned to the controller's routes in your route files:

Route::get('profile', 'UserController@show')->middleware('auth');

However, it is more convenient to specify middleware within your controller's constructor. Using the middleware method from your controller's constructor, you may easily assign middleware to the controller's action. You may even restrict the middleware to only certain methods on the controller class:

class UserController extends Controller
     * Instantiate a new controller instance.
     * @return void
    public function __construct()



Controllers also allow you to register middleware using a Closure. This provides a convenient way to define a middleware for a single controller without defining an entire middleware class:

$this->middleware(function ($request, $next) {
    // ...

    return $next($request);